If you’re looking for a delicious and nutritious fruit to add to your garden, look no further than the pawpaw! Pawpaws are easy to grow and can provide years of enjoyment. In this blog post, we will discuss the basics of growing pawpaw trees. We’ll cover everything from planting to harvesting, so you can get started on your own pawpaw orchard today!
Features of pawpaw trees
Pawpaw is a native North American fruit tree that can grow up to 30 feet tall. The leaves are large, dark green, and leathery. The flowers are small and white, and the fruit is oblong and yellow-green. The pawpaw is often called the “northern banana,” from the softness of its flesh, similar to it.
Pawpaw belongs to the custard apple family and is distinguished by its incredibly pleasant taste and sweetness. The fruit is great for making jams, jams, it can be added to porridges, yogurt, ice cream, and making cocktails.
But pawpaw can cause stomach upset if you eat a lot of it. Because in its bark and seeds there is a substance annonacinom, which irritates the mucous walls of the stomach and intestines. That is why it is important not to get carried away with the fruit, so as not to get wrecked.
Soil for pawpaw trees
Pawpaw is very fond of moist soil and should be deep, rich and well-drained. The pH should be in the neutral to slightly acidic range of 5.5 to 7. A soil test can be done to control the pH level, which will show the right value.
Planting pawpaw seeds
This is the easiest way to grow a healthy and strong pawpaw tree that will bear fruit. Follow the instructions for planting the seeds in the soil:
- Take a few ripe pawpaw fruits and pick all the seeds out of them;
- Next, you will need sandpaper, with which you need to gently scratch the seed’s shell, but being careful not to catch the core of the seed itself. This process is called scarification;
- If autumn is outside, the seeds can be sown immediately into the soil in an open area. Over the winter and cold period, the seeds will undergo a process of stratification. In other words, seed stratification is the process by which the shell cracks naturally. This occurs during a period of frost and then thawing and then frost again. It is also possible to put the seeds to stratify in a cold room at a temperature of 90 to 120 days;
- Plant the seeds in the soil at 75 to 85 degrees.
A place to plant a pawpaw tree
The place should be chosen with special care. The tree will do best in deep, fertile, well-drained soils with a high organic matter content. It is very important to pay attention to the sun, because the tree will need a lot of sun, but this only applies to already mature trees. At first, young trees need to be artificially shaded. Pawpaw, on the other hand, tolerates wind very badly, so it is important to protect the tree with a fence and a hedge. Wind can twist the branches of the pawpaw and affect its future fertility.
Be sure to consider that your tree can grow up to 30 feet tall and 20 feet wide. The shape is obtained with conical shaped branches.
But if you are growing a pawpaw shrub, then take care of the location so that it is partially shaded. Also, the soil should be more loose and the space itself extensive so that the shrub can spread its branches freely.
Watering for pawpaw trees
The tree needs plenty of water, especially when it is young. The soil needs to be barely moist all the time. It is best to install a watering system that will water your tree regularly. Water your pawpaw tree at least once a week. The amount of water depends on the age of the tree, about 20 gallons. But it is also important to consider rainfall in order to calculate the approximate amount of water to water the tree.
Make sure the soil is well-drained so that excess water drains off and goes into the ground faster. The fact is that you should not allow the plots to become waterlogged, as this can cause root rot.
The optimum temperature for pawpaw trees is between 60 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. If you are growing a pawpaw tree indoors, be sure to place it in a place where it will get indirect sunlight. Pawpaw trees need at least six hours of sunlight per day. But it also belongs to the frost-resistant fruit tree species, which can survive down to -20 degrees Fahrenheit.
Fertilizer for pawpaw trees
Fertilizer should be applied twice a year: in the spring and at the beginning of the year. It is best to use fertilizer with a high phosphorus content, such as bone meal or phosphate. But any fertiliser of good quality will do. You can follow the formula 10-10-10 and also choose fertilizer in pellets or in liquid form. Another good idea would be to add fish emulsion, manure or aged compost to the soil.
Always follow the fertilizer instructions so you don’t overdo it.
Pests and diseases of pawpaw trees
Pests and diseases relatively rarely affect pawpaw trees. However, there are a few pests and diseases that can affect the health of your tree. These include scaleworms, mealybugs, root nematodes, fungal diseases such as powdery mildew and anthracnose, and bacterial wilt. Also, the larvae of the zebra moth sailboat like to eat the green leaves of the tree, which is very detrimental to its health.
Frequent questions about growing and caring for papaya
- In order for papaya to bear fruit, you need to plant at least two trees of different varieties next to each other so that they pollinate each other;
- The first fruits of grafted trees appear 3-4 years after planting. If the tree is grafted from seed, the first fruits are expected in 5-8 years;
- Papaya has a specific aroma that is stronger when flowers appear on the tree.