Bell peppers are a popular vegetable that can be found in many grocery stores. They are known for their sweet and juicy flavor, and they come in a variety of colors including red, yellow, orange, and green. Bell peppers are a great source of vitamins A and C, as well as antioxidants. In this blog post, we will discuss the growth of bell peppers and how long it takes for them to reach maturity.
Features of growing bell peppers
Bell peppers are a warm-season crop grown in many parts of the world. Plants grow best at temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit and require plenty of sunlight and water. Bell peppers can be grown from seed or from seedlings. This means that not only beginners but also professionals can handle its cultivation. Bell peppers are suitable for growing indoors, in a greenhouse and outdoors.
Depending on the variety of peppers, the temperature characteristics of the region in which it is grown, as well as the place of cultivation, the ripening time of bell peppers will be different.
How long do bell peppers grow?
Bell peppers grow very fast and can be harvested within 65 days. However, some varieties may take up to 80-90 days to reach maturity. After bell peppers are harvested, they will continue to ripen for several more days. It is this feature of bell peppers that allows them to be transported over long distances, without the danger that the vegetable will spoil quickly.
Ripening time ofbell peppers depending on the place of planting
Sow bell peppers indoors
The best time to plant bell peppers indoors is early spring, so that you can enjoy a richer harvest during the summer. Be sure to do this 10 weeks before the last frosts of spring. Bell bell pepper seeds grow best at temperatures between 77 and 99 degrees Fahrenheit.
If your room is too cold and doesn’t have that temperature, it’s important to purchase a steam generator to help heat the temperature to the right temperature. If the temperature is optimal, the bell peppers will grow in 85 days. If the temperature is cold, you should expect the harvest 5-7 weeks later.
Planting bell peppers in the open ground
Cultivation of the sweet vegetable is possible only in the warm season, when the soil warms up to +18 … + 20 degrees. Before planting, the soil is turned over and fertilized with humus or compost. You can also add a little wood ash to the holes. This will only benefit the bell pepper and it will mature faster. Approximate ripening time of the crop is 70-85 days.
Tips to speed up the growth of bell peppers
Proper soil selection
Bell peppers need nutrient-rich, well-drained soil with a pH between 6 and 7. Add compost or manure to the soil before planting to ensure successYou can also add perelite to the soil if you are growing peppers indoors in pots. Remember that the soil temperature must not be below 70 degrees Fahringey or 21 Celsius for the seeds to germinate.
In a little while the first seedlings will appear. They will grow to a small size, you don’t need to touch them yet. When the seedlings grow taller, it will be time to transfer them to a larger pot. Make sure that the growth is planted down to the lower leaves, in a similar way to how tomatoes are transplanted. Be sure to keep the seedlings warm.
Bell peppers need a lot of light, so if you are growing them indoors, make sure they get enough light. The best option is to use grow lights. Place the bulbs about 12 inches above the seedlings and leave them on for 14-16 hours a day.
If you live in a sunny region, then place the pot of seedlings on the window sill so that direct sunlight hits the vegetable.
The effect of the sun on an open patch of soil
If you plant bell peppers in open soil, they will need full sunlight. Do not let the vegetables get any shade, otherwise the fruits may be small and the plant may become sick.
Prohibition of sowing after nightshade families
Do not plant bell peppers in the soil if they have recently been planted with members of the nightshade family of vegetables. These include tomatoes, potatoes, and eggplants. Because it can lead bell peppers to diseases.
How to correctly transplant bell pepper seedlings into the open ground
- 10 days before planting, the bell pepper seedlings should begin to harden, so that the vegetable will more easily survive transplanting. To do this, put the seedlings in a pot outside, in a greenhouse or under a roof, for two hours. Do not place the pot directly on the ground, because it will freeze that way. Better on a chair or table. Gradually increase the time the seedlings are outside, over a couple of weeks. After that, you can proceed to the next step.
- The soil should not be colder than 16 degrees Celsius at the time of planting bell peppers in it. But it is better that the temperature is higher. You can artificially warm the soil, for which it is covered with a thin layer of mulch one week before sowing. This will allow you to warm the soil and safely plant seedlings in it.
- Stick to an upsetting 18 to 24 inches when planting seedlings. Also keep an eye on the depth; it should not be greater than the depth to which the seedlings were planted in the pot. Because otherwise the stems can start to rot.